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What is Testicular Cancer?
The testicles are 2 egg-shaped glands located inside the scrotum, the sac of loose skin that lies directly below the penis.
Testicular cancer is a disease in which cancerous cells form in the tissues of one or both testicles.
Testicular cancer, a type of genitourinary cancer, affects more than 8,000 American men annually. It is the most common cancer in men 20 to 35 years old. Testicular cancer is almost always curable if detected early. Young men are encouraged to do regular self-exams.
Treatment Options for Testicular Cancer
Surgery for Testicular Cancer
"My advice to other men is if it doesn't look right or feel right, get it checked right away. Don't be embarrassed."
— Peter Hagerty
Surgeons at Fox Chase Cancer Center are specially trained in performing nerve-sparing techniques to preserve fertility in men with testicular cancer.
Primary treatment of testicular cancer generally involves surgical removal of the testicle through a small incision in the groin.
Depending on the type and stage of the testicular cancer, some lymph nodes also may be removed during a second operation called a Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection (RPLND). During this operation, the nerves that control ejaculation and fertility may become disrupted. Although nerves do not control a man's ability to have normal orgasms or erections, injury may decrease his chances of fathering children. Men may consider sperm-banking (collecting and freezing sperm prior to testicular cancer treatment).
Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy for Testicular Cancer
Additional treatment for testicular cancer may include the use of radiation therapy (external beam) and/or chemotherapy. All types of testicular cancer are sensitive to chemotherapy, while only some types respond to radiation therapy.